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Summit Outcomes

Innovating Canada’s approach to the conservation of fish, wildlife and biodiversity

Summit themes:

Thinking Big
Charting a collaborative vision and actions for conservation in Canada

Making Conservation Relevant
Addressing nature connection, public opinion, and livelihoods

Partnerships for Conservation
Expanding stewardship partnerships among industry, governments, conservation groups, and Indigenous Peoples

Conservation Financing
Increasing public and private investment, valuing nature, advancing incentive-based tools

Summit Program and Presentations for Download

Thinking Big

Part 1: The Future of Conservation in Canada

Keynote Speaker
Canadian Conservation Futures – Download PDF
Stephen Woodley, IUCN

Workshop Discussion:  Future of biodiversity conservation – key elements, emerging priorities, actions, and barriers

Discussion questions:

  1. What are the priority actions beyond 2020 to achieve effective biodiversity conservation?
  2. Post-2020, the biodiversity conservation agenda cannot continue to stand on its own, what other agendas does it need to be integrated with (i.e. public health, natural resource development, urban expansion, etc.)?

Part 2: Acting Locally but Planning Broadly: Can we create an effective interface?

Connecting Habitat to Achieve Landscape Scale Conservation – Download PDF
Jodi Hilty, Yellowstone to Yukon

Integrating Local Engagement with Landscape Scale Conservation – Download PDF
Nancy Newhouse, Nature Conservancy of Canada

Workshop Discussion:
How can the bottom-up approach of local conservation action be best integrated with the top-down approach of landscape-scale conservation initiatives?

Luncheon Presentation

The IUCN #Natureforall Movement – Download PDF
Sean Southey, Chair IUCN Commission on Education and Communication

Thinking Big

Part 3: Indigenous Protected and Conserved Areas: Their role in the future of conservation

Creating Ethical Space for Biodiversity Conservation
Danika Littlechild, Co-Chair, Indigenous Circle of Experts

Understanding the Role of Indigenous Protected and Conserved Areas
Eli Enns, Co-Chair, Indigenous Circle of Experts [Link to video reports from Parks Canada Pathway to Target 1 process]]Open Discussion with Speakers and Additional Members of the Indigenous Circle of Experts

Making Conservation Relevant

Part 1: Relevance of Conservation in Canadian Society

Current and Future Canadian Demographics, Values, and Public Opinion – Download PDF
Sarah Roberton, Vice President Corporate and Public Affairs, Environics Research

Insights from the Value of Nature to Canadians Study – Download PDF
Kelly Torck, National Biodiversity Policy Manager, Environment and Climate Change Canada

Incorporating Public Values into Conservation Management and Decision-making – Download PDF
Howie Harshaw, University of Alberta

Workshop Discussion: Exploring the links between how Canadians value nature and the conservation of fish, wildlife, and biodiversity

Discussion Questions:

  1. How might the trends and approaches presented affect your organization?
  2. What might your organization need to do more of, less of, or differently to make conservation relevant to Canadians?
  3. What do the trends and approaches presented indicate about the future direction, priorities and arguments to make conservation relevant to Canadians?

Making Conservation Relevant Part 2: Relevance of Conservation in Decision-Making

Moderated Panel Discussion: Situating wildlife and biodiversity conservation on the decision-making agenda
Moderator: George Greene, Stratos

Panelists: Barry Worbets, Brad Stelfox of ALCES Group, and Stephen Hazell of Nature Canada

Presentation as part of the panel:
What is the Role of the “Working” Landbase in Achieving Conservation Objectives
Brad Stelfox, ALCES Group

Open Discussion

Partnerships for Conservation

Part 1: Advancing Conservation Partnerships: Challenges and Opportunities

Views on the Current State of Conservation Partnerships in Canada – Download PDF
Caitlin McClung, Director, StrategyCorp

Moderated Panel Discussion:  What can governments and non-government organizations do to help build a stronger environment for conservation partnerships?
Moderator: Cameron Mack, Wildlife Habitat Canada

Panelists: Travis Ripley, Alberta Environment, Nathalie Zinger, Nature Conservancy of Canada, Matt DeMille, Ontario Federation of Anglers and Hunters, Patricia Dwyer

Workshop Discussion:  Creating a stronger environment for conservation partnerships

Discussion question: What are the practical actions needed to better facilitate partnerships for wildlife management and biodiversity conservation that links landscape scale objectives to local action?

Part 2: Novel Models and Approaches to Conservation Partnerships

Advancing a Collaborative Approach to Conservation and Economic Development with First Nations – Download PDF
Colin Lachance, Lachance Environmental

Building Conservation Partnerships with Agriculture – Download PDF
Sue Michalsky, Saskatchewan Rancher

Achieving Conservation Outcomes with Municipalities – Download PDF
Gord MacPherson, Toronto and Region Conservation Authority

Conservation Financing

New Thinking for Nature – Approaches, policy tools, and investments to secure Canada’s natural capital
Michael Wilson, Smart Prosperity Institute

Advancing Conservation Financing in Canada

Banking and Financial Tools for Conservation: How can the Conservation Community Position itself to Best Benefit from ‘Impact Investing’? – Download PDF
Daniel Bida, Purpose Capital

Conservation Financing Mechanisms for Canada: An Overview – Download PDF
Amy Taylor, Green Analytics

Dedicated Financing for Biodiversity Conservation: Experience in establishing major national funding programs for conservation in the U.S. – Download PDF
Naomi Edelson, National Wildlife Federation

Workshop Discussion: Exploring conservation financing options for Canada and defining actions

Discussion questions:

  1. Which of the financing tools described hold most promise and why?
  2. What would be important for you to see in order to support establishment of new financing tools?

Reflections and Next Steps

Review and Workshop Discussion of Next Steps:  Commitment to Action
Need for an emerging national coalition for conservation

Wrap-up Discussion:

  • What changes tomorrow?
  • What action can you commit to?


Leadership Panel: Commentary and thoughts on the Summit and the future

  • Larry McDermott, Algonquin ElderDianne Ramage, Pacific Salmon Foundation
  • Robert McLean, Environment and Climate Change Canada
  • Kim Mathieu, Parks Canada Youth Ambassador


Remarks from the Province of Alberta

The Honourable Shannon Phillips, Minister of Environment and Parks and the Minister Responsible for the Climate Change Office

Stoney First Nation Closing Ceremony

Summit Outcomes


Based on the presentations, panel discussions, workshops, and conversations that took place at the Summit, the Canadian Wildlife Federation compiled a set of 24 recommendations and outcomes that we believe identify new directions and reinforce emerging ideas on how we manage fish and wildlife and protect and recover biodiversity in the future.

The Full Report is available for download.
You can also download the Outcomes and Proceedings separately


Four key messages stood out from the many conversations
that took place during the Summit:

1. Genuine interest across a range of different participants in finding new ways to collaborate.
This includes establishing broad coalitions to mainstream the conservation of
habitat and wildlife into social and economic development agendas.

2. Broad interest in developing the links between conservation and reconciliation with Indigenous Peoples.

3. Broad agreement on the need for significant advances in conservation on the working landscape.

4. Interest in advancing ideas around new methods for funding conservation actions.

Next Steps

For our part, the Canadian Wildlife Federation is working to extend the influence of the ideas from the Summit to the implementation of the amended Fisheries Act and the delivery of provincial and territorial fish, wildlife and biodiversity conservation programs.  The CWF will also continue to advance new approaches to financing conservation actions, and we hope to involve many of you in this effort.

The spirit and ideas from the Summit have already influenced how Canada takes action on the $1.3 Billion Nature Legacy for Canada and advances species at risk conservation through the new Pan-Canadian Approach.  Both of these major initiatives seek to link environment and economy, encourage cooperation with Indigenous Peoples, invest in wildlife conservation on the working landscape and explore new funding models for conservation.